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Hamas's Ideology

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October 7th

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Hamas

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Hamas's origins are deeply intertwined with Islamic fundamentalism and Palestinian nationalism, advocating for the establishment of an Islamic state in place of Israel through armed struggle. Its designation as a terrorist organization by several countries reflects the international community's response to its tactics and approach to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Origins and Ideology:
Hamas, an acronym for Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya (Islamic Resistance Movement), was founded in late 1987 during the first Palestinian intifada (uprising) against Israeli occupation. It emerged as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood's Palestinian branch, a movement that combined Palestinian nationalism with Islamic fundamentalism.

The group was established by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, a Palestinian cleric and activist in the Muslim Brotherhood, who became a prominent figure in Gaza for his preaching and charitable work.

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The ideology of Hamas is deeply rooted in Islamic principles and the teachings of the Muslim Brotherhood. It views Islam as not only a religion but also a political and social framework for life. The group's charter, published in 1988, explicitly calls for the destruction of Israel and the establishment of an Islamic society in historic Palestine. This document reflects a blend of Islamic religious beliefs with Palestinian nationalist aspirations, advocating for armed struggle (jihad) as a means to liberate Palestine.
 

Hamas's ideology also includes the rejection of secular Palestinian nationalism, as represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and opposes any peace process or negotiation that recognizes the state of Israel. In 2017, Hamas sought to somewhat moderate its image by presenting a new document that accepted the idea of a Palestinian state within the 1967 borders but still refused to recognize Israel's right to exist.

References

References

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